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6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H

6-Rules-Of-Video-(and-photo)-Composition-with-B&H

Learning 6 rules of video composition with Doug Guerra from B&H is not only applicable to video production but also to photography composition (at least in some cases).

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

The great thing about these rules is that it can be applied for a vast variety of styles, weather it’s interviews, vlogs, creative production, or any other application.

Framing the subject generally relies on the artistic vision yet there are still some guidelines that are widely accepted because, well, they make your work look better.

THE RULE OF THIRDS

The rule of thirds is the most popular and one of the most essential concepts one should always keep in mind. It divides the screen onto 3 by 3 grid, where lines and intersections are most desirable positions to place your subject into.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition  6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

When framing subject the eyes should line up on the top of those lines.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

 

AVOID CENTER FRAMING

Although not that sound for photography where a subject is usually placed in the center to intentionally draw attention to, avoiding the center in video production is generally a good idea. It smoothes out the flow of the story, allowing the viewer to focus on the continuity of the relationship between all subjects/elements rather than focusing on one.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

Another thought to keep in mind is the direction in which the subject looks or talks. You generally don’t want to place an actor on the same side that they are facing as it creates to much negative space on the opposite side.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

Of course, if you intentionally want to put your subject on the spot light, then go ahead, dead center is your friend.

 

THE 180° RULE

One of the most important rules to establish continuity between shots is the 180 degree rule.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

Imagine there is a line between two subjects that are speaking to each other. When filming opposite angles, the camera should never cross the line in order to film the other angle. The camera should always shoot on one side of the line in order to maintain continuity.
6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition  6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

If you put the camera on the opposite side the character would be looking in wrong direction.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition  6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

 

HEADROOM

Headroom is the amount of space given between the actor’s head and very top of the frame. Depending of the genre of the film, this rule might be applied strictly of loosely. For documentaries and interviews usually you want to be strict and leave a nice amount of headroom. For feature films or other creative video production this rule is loosely applied.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

But the general guideline is to leave at least some headroom, unless you shoot at a very close distance of course.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

 

CREATE DEPTH

The depth of the frame is achieved through the balance of what is happening on the foreground versus background of the scene. You would want to position your subject anywhere in-between and have them move through the frame, not across it. Following this rule helps create much more interesting, eye catching frame.

6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition  6 Rules Of Video (and photo) Composition with B&H -Videography, Tutorial, studio videography, Studio Photography, shot at FD Photo Studio, rental stages, Photoshop, Photoshoot, Photography blog, paid photography, modeling, Los Angeles, How To, gear, gallery, FD photo studio, fashion photographer, DTLA, Doug Guerra, blog, B&h, 6 rules of video composition

KNOW WHEN TO BREAK RULES

Lastly, there is an all important lesson in life stating that “all rules have to be broken”. Knowing how to break a rule allows you to convey scenes in different ways. However breaking the rule has to be supported by the idea behind it. So if you break it, ask yourself “how does it help the scene?” and why you want to do it.

 

Watch the entire video on B&H Youtube channel:

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